A Self-assessment tax return is the form an individual completes to report to HMRC their income for the year and to calculate how much tax is due on that income. In the UK, the tax year runs from 6th April to 5th April the following year. So, for 2016-17 the period covered is 6th April 2016 to 5th April 2017. Not all UK residents are required to do a tax return. If your only income is as an employee you don’t need to worry about it. However, there are some situations which do require the completion of a return and this article should guide you through them.
Do I need to do one?
You are required to complete a Self-assessment tax return if you come under the following categories:
· Self employed.
· Have untaxed income such as rental income exceeding £2,500
· Your income from shares, savings or investments exceeds £10,000
· You’re a company director
· You made a chargeable gain such as selling a 2nd home
· Your income is over £100,000 (or £50,000 and you/your partner claims child benefit)
· You have income from abroad or you live abroad and have UK income
What do I need to do?
If you fall into one of the above categories you must complete a tax return each year by 31 January. So, for tax year ending 5 Apr 2017, your tax return must be completed and sent to HMRC, online, by 31st January 2018 (paper versions must be filed by 31st October).
You need to include all your income on your tax return, not just the income which hasn’t been taxed
When do I pay
HMRC must be paid the balance of tax due by 31st January following the end of the tax year (31st January 2018 for the tax year ending 5 April 2017).
If you owe under £3,000 in tax and pay tax through the PAYE scheme you can ask HMRC to collect the tax owed through your pay code, as long as you submit your tax return by 31st December following the end of the tax year. HMRC will only apply this if you have enough PAYE income for it to be collected.
You will be required to make a payment on account towards your tax bill for the following year if your self-assessment bill is more than £1,000. Each payment on account is half your previous year’s tax bill. These payments are due on 31st January and 31st July. If you still have tax to pay after you’ve made your payments on account this balancing payment is also due by 31st January.
I need to do a tax return how do I tell HMRC
How you register depends on the reason you are registering. If you are registering because you are self-employed you need to complete the form CWF1 online. If you’re not self-employed you need to complete the form SA1. You must register by 5th October if you need to complete a tax return for the last tax year (5th October 2017 for the tax year ending 5th April 2017).
How can an accountant help me?
An accountant can help you in many ways with your tax return. Firstly, they will save you the time and hassle of doing it yourself. A good accountant will also know what you can and can’t claim against your taxable income and they will advise you accordingly. An accountant will register as your agent and can speak to HMRC on your behalf, saving you hours of waiting on hold if you have a problem! To find out more contact Emma Stevens